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Chartered in 1789, the University of North Carolina was one of the first public universities in the United States and the only one to graduate students in the eighteenth century. Originally comprising a single campus in Chapel Hill, today it is a multi-campus university composed of all 16 of North Carolina's public universities, as well as the NC School of Science and Mathematics, the nation's first public residential high school for gifted students.
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Commonly referred to as the University of North Carolina system or the UNC system to differentiate it from the original campus in Chapel Hill, the university has a total enrollment of over 183,000 students and confers over 75% of all baccalaureate degrees in North Carolina in 2008. UNC campuses conferred 43,686 degrees for 2008–2009, the bulk of which were Bachelor's level with 31,055 degrees awarded.


HistoryEdit

Founded in 1789, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is the oldest public university in the United States. In 1877, the State of North Carolina began sponsoring additional higher education institutions. Over time the state added a women's college (now known as the University of North Carolina at Greensboro), a land-grant university (North Carolina State University), five historically black institutions, and one to educate American Indians (the University of North Carolina at Pembroke). Others were created to prepare teachers for public education and to instruct performing artists.

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During the Depression, the North Carolina General Assembly searched for cost savings within state government. Towards this effort in 1931, it redefined the University of North Carolina, which at the time referred exclusively to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; the new Consolidated University of North Carolina was created to include the existing campuses of University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina State University, and the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. The three campuses came under the leadership of just one board and one president. By 1969, three additional campuses had joined the Consolidated University through legislative action: the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, the University of North Carolina at Asheville, and the University of North Carolina at Wilmington.

In 1971, North Carolina passed legislation bringing into the University of North Carolina all 16 public institutions that confer bachelor degrees. This round of consolidation granted each constituent institution a Chancellor and a Board of Trustees. In 1985, the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, a residential high school for gifted students, was declared an affiliated school of the university. In 2007, the high school became a full member of the university.

StructureEdit

rticle IX of the North Carolina State Constitution provides authorization for the creation of the University of North
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Carolina. Under this authorization, Chapter 116 of the North Carolina General Statutes entrusts the University of North Carolina to its Board of Governors. The Board of Governors is the policy-making body charged with "the general determination, control, supervision, management, and governance of all affairs of the constituent institutions." It elects the president, who administers the university. The 32 voting members of the Board of Governors are elected by the General Assembly for four-year terms. The current Chairman of UNC's Board of Governors is Peter Hans, who was preceded by Hannah Gage. The president of the UNC Association of Student Governments (ASG) is also a non-voting member.

Each of the UNC campuses is headed by a chancellor who is chosen by the Board of Governors on the president's nomination and is responsible to the president. Each university has a board of trustees consisting of eight members elected by the Board of Governors, four appointed by the governor, and the president of the student body, who serves ex officio. (The UNC School of the Arts has two additional ex officio members; and the NC School of Science and Mathematics has a 27-member board as required by law.) Each board of trustees holds extensive powers over academic and other operations of its campus on delegation from the Board of Governors.


InstitutionsEdit

Within its seventeen campuses, UNC houses two medical schools and one teaching hospital, ten nursing programs, a school of dentistry, and a school of pharmacy, as well as a veterinary school, two law schools, 15 schools of education, three schools of engineering, and a school for performing artists. The oldest university, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, first admitted students in 1795. The smallest and newest member is the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, a residential two-year high school, founded in 1980 and a full member of the University since 2007. The largest university is North Carolina State University, with 33,819 students as of 2009 Fall.

While the official names of each campus are determined by the North Carolina General Assembly, abbreviations are determined by the individual school.



AffiliatesEdit

Name Location Founded
North Carolina Arboretum Asheville, Buncombe County 1989
North Carolina Center for the Advancement of Teaching Cullowhee, Jackson County 1985
North Carolina Center for International Understanding Raleigh, Wake County
North Carolina Center for Nursing Raleigh, Wake County
North Carolina State Approving Agency Raleigh, Wake County
North Carolina State Education Assistance Authority Raleigh, Wake County
UNC Center for Public Television (UNC-TV) Research Triangle Park, Durham County 1955
UNC Faculty Assembly Chapel Hill, Orange County
University of North Carolina Press Chapel Hill, Orange County 1922
UNC Staff Assembly Chapel Hill, Orange County

PresidentsEdit

For presiding professors of the University of North Carolina prior to 1804, see Leaders of the University of North
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Erskine Boyce Bowles

Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Name Term
Rev. Joseph Caldwell 1804–1812
Robert Hett Chapman 1812–1816
Rev. Joseph Caldwell 1816–1835
Elisha Mitchell * 1835
David Lowry Swain 1835–1868
Rev. Solomon Pool 1869–1872
Rev. Charles Phillips 1875–1876
Kemp Plummer Battle 1876–1891
George Tayloe Winston 1891–1896
Edwin Anderson Alderman 1896–1900
Francis Preston Venable 1900–1914
Edward Kidder Graham 1914–1918
Marvin Hendrix Stacy 1918–1919
Harry Woodburn Chase 1919–1930
Frank Porter Graham 1930-1949

(UNC Consolidation in 1931)

William Donald Carmichael, Jr. * 1949–1950
Gordon Gray 1950–1955
J. Harris Purks * 1955–1956
William Clyde Friday 1956–1986

(acting until 1957)

Clemmie Spangler 1986–1997
Molly Corbett Broad 1997–2006
Erskine Bowles 2006–2011
Thomas W. Ross 2011–present

An asterisk (*) denotes acting president.

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